Opposition and Examination
After a mark is published in the IP Gazette, third parties have 30 business day to file an opposition. Oppositions may be filed on several grounds, including another trademark in the Andean Community. An exam will be conducted regardless of the filing of any opposition. The IP Office may cite any prior marks or reject a registration ex officio on absolute or relative grounds.
After a decision is issued, the matter may be submitted for review before the same Authority. If an adverse decision is issued, then an appeal may be filed before the IP Committee and their decision may also be submitted for review before the same Authority. At any point, the matter may be taken to the Contentious courts for a judicial review.